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英語知識小品分享

時間:2019-01-06 英語知識 我要投稿

  『英語知識小品:夏威夷群島是怎樣形成的』

  How the Hawaiian Is lands Were Built

  Volcanoes have been erupting on the earth for millions of years.More than five hundred still erupt today.These are called active volcanoes.Volcanoes are located in belts or chains.They are found where the earth's crust is weak.The weak spots let the hot rock escape when the volcano erupts.

  Many volcano belts are mountain ranges along the edges of continents.One belt runs along the western coast of South America up through the western part of the United States.Other volcanoes are found in ocean basins.

  About three-fifths of all active volcanoes in the world are in the Pacific Ocean.Many of these volcanoes erupt under the water.The Hawaiian Islands were built by volcanoes that began erupting under water and finally reached the surface of the ocean.

  夏威夷群島是怎樣形成的

  火山在地球上噴發已有幾百萬年的歷史。有500多座火山至今還在噴發,這些火山叫做活火山。火山呈帶狀或鏈狀分布,它們一般位于地殼脆弱的地段。火山噴發時,灼熱的巖漿便從脆弱的地點流出。

  許多火山帶是一些大陸邊緣的山脈。有一個火山帶沿南美洲的西海岸向北,穿過美國的西部。另一些火山位于海洋盆地中。

  世界上大約有3/5的活火山在太平洋,這些火山中有許多在水下噴發。夏威夷群島便是由從水下噴發、最終達到洋面的火山而形成的。

  『英語知識小品:美國的鉆石』

  Diamonds in the United States

  Most of the world's diamonds come from Africa,but there is one place in the United States where they are found.It is near Murfreesboro,Arkansas.

  Diamonds were first found near Murfreesboro in 1906.About fifty thousand diamonds have come from this field.One forty-caratdiamond was the largest ever found in North America.But most of the stones were too small to make mining worthwhile.Soon all mining stopped there.Today a visitor to Murfreesboro can hurt for diamonds himself.

  A few diamonds have been found in sand and gravel along the Great Lakes,too.But none of these were in their original blue ground.They may have been formed far to the north and carried south by the last great glaciers.

  美國的鉆石

  世界上的鉆石大部分出自非洲,但美國也有一個鉆石產地,它位于阿肯色州默弗里斯博羅附近。

  1906年,在默弗里斯博羅附近首次發現鉆石,從這個礦里一共開采了大約5萬顆鉆石,其中一顆重40克拉的鉆石是迄今在北美洲發現的最大的一顆。但是,多數鉆石都太小,沒有什么開采價值,不久那里的采掘工作就都停止了。今天去默弗里斯博羅的游客可以親自去尋找鉆石。

  在五大湖沿岸的沙地和礫石中也發現一些鉆石,但是沒有一顆保持原有的藍色。它們也許是在遙遠的北方成形,然后由最后一批大冰川帶到南方的。

  『英語知識小品:人類儲存肉的三種方法』

  The Three Ways of Man to Preserve Meat

  Finding enough meat was a problem for primitive man.Keeping it for times when it was scarce was just as hard.Three ways were found to keep meat from spoiling:salting,drying,and freezing.

  People near salty waters salted their meat.At first they probably rubbed dry salt on it,but this preserved only the outside.Later they may have pickled their meat by soaking it in salt water.

  In hot,dry lands,men found that they could eat meat that had dried while it was still on the bones.They later learned to cut meat into thin strips and hang it up to dry in the hot air.

  Men in cold climates found that frozen meat did not spoil.They could leave their meat outside and eat it when they pleased.

  人類儲存肉的三種方法

  對原始人類來說,獲得充足的肉是件難事,而把肉類儲存到缺肉的時令也同樣不容易。人們找到了防止肉類變腐的三種辦法:鹽腌、風干和冷凍。

  靠近咸水地帶的居民用鹽腌肉。起先,他們可能是把干鹽擦在肉上,但這只能使肉的外部不腐。后來,他們也許就改用咸水浸泡的辦法來腌肉了。

  在炎熱、干燥的地方,人們發現他們可以食用已經變干、但仍連在骨骼上的肉。后來,他們學會把肉切成薄條,懸掛起來,讓它在炎熱的空氣中變干。

  生活在寒冷氣候下的人們則發現凍肉不腐。他們可以把肉置于室外,高興時隨時可吃。

  『英語知識小品:幫助改良土壤的蚯蚓』

  Earthworms that Help Improve the Soil

  The earthworm is a useful animal.Out of the ground,it is food for other animals.In the ground,it makes rich soil for fields and gardens.

  Earthworms dig tunnels that loosen the soil and make it easy for air and water to reach the roots of plants.These tunnels help keep the soil well drained.

  Earthworms drag dead leaves,grass,and flowers into their burrows.When this plant material decays,it makes the soil more fertile.

  No other animal is so useful in building up good topsoil.It is estimated that in one year fifty thousand earthworms carry about eighteen tons of fine soil to the surface of an acre of land.One worm may add three quarters of a pound of earth to tho topsoil.

  幫助改良土壤的蚯蚓

  蚯蚓是一種有益的動物。來到地面上,它成了其他動物的食品,而在地里,它卻為田地和花園制造著肥沃的土壤。

  蚯蚓挖掘風洞,使土壤變松,并使空氣和水容易抵達植物的根部。這些風洞有助于土壤迅速排水。

  蚯蚓把枯樹葉、草和花朵拖進自己的洞中,這種植物性物質腐爛后,便使土壤變得更肥沃了。

  在制造優良的表面土壤方面,沒有別的動物能像蚯蚓這樣有用。據估計,一年中,5萬條蚯蚓能把大約18噸的細壤送到1英畝土地的表面,一條蚯蚓也許能把3/4磅的土壤加到地表層。

  『英語知識小品:誰是冰淇淋的首創者』

  Who First Made Ice Cream

  Most Americans think that ice cream is as American as baseball and apple pie.But ice cream was known long before America was discovered.

  The Roman emperor Nero may have made a kind of ice cream.He hired hundreds of men to bring snow and ice from the mountains.He used it to make cold drinks.Traveler Marco Polobrought back recipes for chilled and frozen milk from China.

  Hundreds of years later,ice cream reached England.It is said that King Charles Ienjoyed that treatvery much.There is a story that he bribed his cook to keep the recipe for ice cream a royal secret.

  Today ice cream is known throughout the world.Americans alone eat more than two billion quartsa year.

  誰是冰淇淋的首創者

  大多數美國人認為,冰淇淋像棒球和蘋果餅一樣,是屬于美國的。但是,早在人們發現美洲大陸之前,冰淇淋就已經問世了。

  古羅馬國王尼祿可能配制過一種冰淇淋。他曾雇用幾百人從山上搬來雪和冰,用以制作冷飲料。旅行家馬可波羅也曾從中國帶回了冷凍奶和冰奶的配方。

  幾百年后,冰淇淋傳到了英國。據說國王查理一世十分欣賞這種食品,他曾賄賂御廚,要他把制作冰淇淋的配方作為皇家秘密,守口如瓶。

  今天全世界都知道冰淇淋了,僅美國人一年的消耗量就超過20億夸脫。

  『英語知識小品:領帶的滄桑』

  The Necktie through Thick and Thin

  From hat to shoes,men's clothes are useful.Only one piece of clothing is worn just for decoration.It is the necktie,or cravat.The necktie is left over from the time when men wore ruffles,ribbons,and tassels.

  Beau Brummel was an Englishman of the early 1800's.He was famous for his fancy clothes.The story is told that he used to invite guests just to watch him knot his white cravat.

  Now,perhaps,even the necktie is going out of style.It has been getting smaller and smaller for hundreds of years.It started out as a piece of lace and turned into a silk bow.Then it became a triangle that was tied around the neck.Now many neckties are no wider than a piece of string.

  領帶的滄桑

  人的衣物,從帽子到鞋,都有實用價值。唯有一樣完全是為了裝飾,那就是領帶,或者叫“克拉瓦特”。領帶是人們從佩戴飾邊、緞帶和帽穗的時代遺留下來的。

  博·布倫美是19世紀初葉的一位英國人,因穿著的花哨而出名。傳說他常邀請客人專程去觀看他給自己白色的領帶打結。

  現在,也許連領帶也快不時髦了。幾百年來,領帶變得越來越小。當初,它只不過是一段帶子,后來變成絲制的蝴蝶結,以后又演變為纏在脖子上的三角形飾物。現在許多領帶的寬度只不過相當于一根繩子的粗細罷了。

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